蔡大为,李龙波,蒋国才,严琦,任明强.贵州耕地主要元素地球化学背景值统计与分析[J].贵州地质,2020,37(3):233-239
贵州耕地主要元素地球化学背景值统计与分析
Statistics and Analysis of Geochemical Backgrounds of Main Elements of Cultivated Land in Guizhou Province
投稿时间:2020-05-07  
DOI:
中文关键词:  地球化学背景值  统计  分析  耕地  贵州
英文关键词:Geochemical backgrounds  Statistics  Analysis  Cultivated land  Guizhou
基金项目:贵州省耕地质量地球化学调查评价(黔耕调2017-04)资助,贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局地质科研项目(黔地矿科合(2018)32号)。
作者单位
蔡大为 贵州省耕地质量地球化学调查评价领导小组办公室
贵州省地质环境监测院 
李龙波 贵州省耕地质量地球化学调查评价领导小组办公室
贵州省地质环境监测院 
蒋国才 贵州省耕地质量地球化学调查评价领导小组办公室 
严琦 贵州省有色金属和核工业地质勘查局六总队 
任明强 贵州省耕地质量地球化学调查评价领导小组办公室
贵州省地质环境监测院 
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中文摘要:
      利用贵州省耕地质量地球化学调查评价项目数据资料,统计了全省454431件表层耕地土壤样品中21种化学元素和有机质含量的地球化学背景值及其置信范围值。总体来看,贵州省耕地土壤有机质、N、P等养分的背景值较高,K的背景值略低;Se、Ge特色元素的背景值较高,表明我省具有发展富硒、富锗特色农业的巨大潜力;As、Cr、Hg、Pb等环境元素的背景值较低,但Cd的背景值略高,在耕地开发利用时应关注其安全性。贵州省耕地土壤化学元素背景值的统计对全面认识全省耕地土壤养分质量、环境质量现状具有重要的现实意义,也对制定耕地土壤质量保护法规及地方标准的提供了重要依据。
英文摘要:
      Based on the data from the survey and evaluation project of cultivated land quality in Guizhou Province, the geochemical background values and their confidence range values of 21 chemical elements and organic matter contents in 454,431 surface cultivated soil samples were counted. On the whole, the background values of soil organic matter, N, P of cultivated land in Guizhou Province are relatively high, but K are slightly lower; the background values of Se and Ge characteristic elements are relatively high, indicating that our province has huge potential of the development of characteristic agriculture; the background values of environmental elements such as As, Cr, Hg, Pb are low, but Cd is slightly higher, so attentions should be paid to its safety in the development and utilization of cultivated land. The statistics of the background values of soil chemical elements in cultivated land in Guizhou Province have important practical significance for comprehensive understanding of the soil nutrient quality and environmental quality of cultivated land in the province, and also provide an important basis for the formulation of cultivated land soil quality protection laws and local standards.
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